[VBScript] Aunty Mel's Cheap And Nasty SxS Package Extractor (Updated 2013/09/30)

Discussion in 'Scripting' started by SuperBubble, Sep 17, 2013.

  1. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

    Oct 9, 2012
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    I'm experimenting very much ATM. - I had several problems with the permissions... but as I only want to extract some sort of files I don't care for my proof of concept. (took ownership and so on).

    One Change that has to be made is that the uncompressed Manifest files get included in the cab files. Not the encrypted ones like in the current situation. I checked on Win81 updates they are provided uncompressed. With uncompressed manifest files it is also possible to look into the packages like with CBS package inspector - compressed manifest cabed files will fail.
     
  2. SuperBubble

    SuperBubble MDL Member

    Nov 18, 2011
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    Ta for this insight. I did it the current way because moderate mentioned that the package handler itself works just fine with compressed files - oh, and because I'm lazy. :eek:

    Bonus edit: I'd never heard of CBS Package Inspector - brilliant! Thanks! :hug2:
     
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  3. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

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    This path thing is so annoying...

    There are some bugs with cabarc and -p parameter.
    Without -p the cab files can fail if dism looks in the wrong folder (missing subfolders). But with the parameter the cabs always fail.

    I tried makecab with dff's but they also fail.

    Now I use expanded, plain folders... with nummeric names - Otherwise some packages fail.
    Thoose damn long folder/file names freaking me out...

    Will write more after a nap... 8:30 in the morning, haven't slept yet.
     
  4. SuperBubble

    SuperBubble MDL Member

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    Yes, CABARC.EXE is pretty buggy, and probably uses ANSI file APIs (and is therefore prone to failure on long paths) as well. SUBST should help in those cases.

    All CBS packages need to use the -p switch, as we need to preserve the full folder structure. The package handler expects it, and goes postal if it isn't.

    The .CAB file handler built into Explorer actually lies about the structure of a cabinet, presenting all the files on one level - i.e. 'flat' view. It's not like that internally at all, hence why I use 7-Zip myself for viewing cabinets.

    Note that the -p and -P switches are two separate things, and I've never been able to convince -P to work properly. It would be nice if it did: I could make the script a bit simpler.

    Bonus new version: OP updated with new version (2013/10/22), which has a long, juicy changelog. :D
     
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  5. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

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    I will try to rename mainifest as packages as their assembly names and will see if this works. Than it should be an easy task for you to replace the names and do some fileoperations within your script. It should simplifie it a lot.
    EDIT: does not work.
     
  6. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

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    Path not found was my fault.. But who can know that this cabarc has such silly parameters. It's really one of the worst syntax I've seen so far.
    -P works for me. I will share the details to you if needed. I wrote scripts for the extracted Folders (by your tool - no *.cab at the end) to decrypt manifest/replace and afterwards cab them.
    If the script running in some upper folder and subfolders contain the extracted packages than the path within the CAB contains also the path from the script which will cause dism to faul as the packages have unnecessary folder structure.
     
  7. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

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    #47 KNARZ, Oct 23, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 20, 2017
    There is some 'problem' if updating MUM packages.
    e.g.

    Only Enterprise:
    Code:
    Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-Publishing-WMIProvider-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~x86~~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-RemoteApplications-Client-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~x86~~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-UsbRedirector-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~x86~~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    

    They all contain the resourcefolder (in all SKU editions)
    Code:
    x86_microsoft-windows-t..-deployment-package_31bf3856ad364e35_6.3.9600.16384_none_f36d64389f290e75
    
    but this is just the "parent" or what it's called and shouldn't be in the packagefolder/cab.

    Some kind of check would be helpfull but I guess it would be too much work....
     
  8. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

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    #48 KNARZ, Oct 23, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 20, 2017
    There are several Problems with MUMs that contain drivers.

    e.g. (Enterprise only):

    Code:
    Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-VM-Setup-Package.mum
    
    The content of the Package Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-VM-Setup-Package.mum:

    Code:
    <?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8' standalone='yes'?>
    <assembly xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v3" copyright="Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved." description="Windows Server RemoteFX VM Components" displayName="Windows Server RemoteFX VM Components" manifestVersion="1.0" supportInformation="http://support.microsoft.com">
      <assemblyIdentity buildType="release" language="neutral" name="Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-VM-Setup-Package" processorArchitecture="x86" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" version="6.3.9600.16384" versionScope="nonSxS"/>
      <package identifier="RDVGGuest" releaseType="Update" restart="required">
        <update name="INF_rdvgwddm">
          <driver inf="rdvgwddmdx11.inf" ranking="force">
            <assemblyIdentity buildType="release" language="neutral" name="rdvgwddmdx11.inf" processorArchitecture="x86" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" type="driverUpdate" version="6.3.9600.16384" versionScope="nonSxS"/>
          </driver>
        </update>
        <update description="Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-Synth3dVsc-IC-Package" displayName="Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-Synth3dVsc-IC-Package" name="Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-Synth3dVsc-IC-Package">
          <package contained="false" integrate="hidden">
            <assemblyIdentity buildType="release" language="neutral" name="Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-Synth3dVsc-IC-Package" processorArchitecture="x86" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" version="6.3.9600.16384"/>
          </package>
        </update>
        <update name="RemoteFX clientVM and UMTS files and regkeys">
          <component>
            <assemblyIdentity buildType="release" language="neutral" name="microsoft-windows-RemoteFX-clientVM-files-regkeys-deployment" processorArchitecture="x86" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" version="6.3.9600.16384" versionScope="nonSxS"/>
          </component>
        </update>
        <update name="INF_RDLSBusCBS">
          <driver inf="rdlsbuscbs.inf" ranking="force">
            <assemblyIdentity buildType="release" language="neutral" name="rdlsbuscbs.inf" processorArchitecture="x86" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" type="driverUpdate" version="6.3.9600.16384" versionScope="nonSxS"/>
          </driver>
        </update>
      </package>
    </assembly>
    
    The manifest relates to rdvgwddmdx11.inf and rdlsbuscbs.inf. They aren't included in the extraction process of the script. - But they should, otherwise the package will fail while import.

    The searched manual (by hand) found some matching manifests and folders.

    Code:
    x86_rdvgwddmdx11.inf.resources_31bf3856ad364e35_6.3.9600.16384_en-us_177e726ce975284c
    x86_rdvgwddmdx11.inf-languagepack_31bf3856ad364e35_6.3.9600.16384_en-us_b0f9fd8323c337c1
    x86_rdvgwddmdx11.inf_31bf3856ad364e35_6.3.9600.16384_none_67e956b5e67052e4
    x86_rdlsbuscbs.inf_31bf3856ad364e35_6.3.9600.16384_none_aca4bf0cbea8d624
    
    ... in this paricular example the two manifests
    Code:
    x86_rdvgwddmdx11.inf_31bf3856ad364e35_6.3.9600.16384_none_67e956b5e67052e4
    x86_rdlsbuscbs.inf_31bf3856ad364e35_6.3.9600.16384_none_aca4bf0cbea8d624
    should be included in this neutral (~none~) package.

    I other 2 language-related files should go into
    Code:
    Microsoft-Windows-RemoteFX-VM-LanguagePack
    I haven't foundt matching language files for rdlsbuscbs.inf ... language resources are optional and so I guess they don't exisits.
     
  9. SuperBubble

    SuperBubble MDL Member

    Nov 18, 2011
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    OP updated with a new version that actually extracts drivers. Whoopsie... :eek:
     
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  10. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

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    Cool. will test it within the next days.
    Damn I love your script. No whoopsie at all ;)
    Thanks for adding the function!
     
  11. SuperBubble

    SuperBubble MDL Member

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    You're welcome. :bye1:
     
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  12. KNARZ

    KNARZ MDL Addicted

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    you may should update the title with new date.
    known bug: resources from post #47 is not fixed (yet?)
     
  13. Mr Jinje

    Mr Jinje MDL Expert

    Aug 19, 2009
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    #53 Mr Jinje, Nov 3, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 20, 2017
    Maybe it's ready for a GUI now, are all the command line switches documented. Seems easy enough to filter for .mum files in my file select dialog (and Open dialog to this folder C:\Windows\servicing\Packages for easy Mum picking)


    Code:
    Aunty Mel's Cheap And Nasty SxS Package Extractor, 2013/10/22
    Copyright (C) 2012-2013 Melinda Bellemore. All rights reserved.
    
    CSCRIPT.EXE SXSEXTRACT.VBS [/?,/H,/HELP] [/DEBUG,/V] </ONLINE|/IMAGE:<folder>>
      [/INCLUDERES] [/VICIOUSHACKS] <source>.mum [<target>[.cab]]
    
    Parses a Windows Side-by-Side package manifest file, chases up all the
    references, and copies all the files associated with the package.
    
      /?,/H,/HELP      Display this help text.
      /DEBUG,/V        Enable verbose debug output.
      /ONLINE          Uses %SYSTEMROOT% (usually C:\Windows) as the root folder to
                       search for associated files.
      /IMAGE:<folder>  Uses <folder> as the root folder to search for associated
                       files instead.
      /INCLUDERES      Extract MUI resources as well, for packages that don't have
                       associated language packs.
      /VICIOUSHACKS    Activates a couple of hacks to the script, for extracting
                       'difficult' packages, such as the TFTP client.
      <source>.mum     Specifies a package manifest file. Wildcards are not
                       permitted.
      <target>[.cab]   Specifies the target folder for extracted files. If the
                       extension '.cab' is specified, the script will call
                       CABARC.EXE to create a cabinet of the extracted files.
    
    This script requires both SXSEXTRACT.EXE and CABARC.EXE, either in the
    current folder or on the system PATH, for full functionality.
    Confirm SXSEXTRACT.EXE is typo of SXSEXPAND.EXE and not another file I need to track down.
    Confirm /vicioushacks controls all the syntax of sxsexpand.exe and I only need to front-end the VBS.
     
  14. Mr Jinje

    Mr Jinje MDL Expert

    Aug 19, 2009
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    Here is a beta-release. Supports only '/VICIOUSHACKS /ONLINE' but it seemed to create me an ADOBE.cab package on the first try from a 2012 R2 VM.

    FYI, it also copies the command to your clipboard in case you want to edit via notepad (add debug or other options) instead of using the 'Run' button.

    Package is created in same directory as .exe. Second textbox defaults to mum renamed as cab. Edits to the second textbox aka cab field are updated in the command / clipboard immediately.
     
  15. SuperBubble

    SuperBubble MDL Member

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    #55 SuperBubble, Nov 5, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 20, 2017
    (OP)
    Sorry peeps, had (another!) busy week! :eek:

    Yes, it is. Since it's referenced in the .manifest file tree, it's extracted. It would be too much work to write a parser to sort these sorts of files out - too much risk of deleting other files that might be needed. I recommend the human touch: delete files you're sure won't be needed yourself. :D

    Bonus query: Was this extraction done with or without the /VICIOUSHACKS switch? If it was, try again without it. It may be matching an assembly with the -Package suffix that it shouldn't.

    I tried! Up until the latest update of the OP, the thread title changed along with the OP title, but not this time, no matter how many times I edit it and save it. :mad:

    Confirmed - all command-line switches are documented.

    Confirmed, and whoopsie - I'll have to fix that in the next version. :eek:

    Sort-of confirmed: SxS File Expander's syntax is very simple (basically just SXSEXPAND <source> <dest>), and it's the script that selects files for expansion, not SXSEXPAND.EXE. So yes, you only need to wrap the script.
     
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  16. Tito

    Tito Super Mod / Adviser
    Staff Member

    Nov 30, 2009
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    After certain time (1 month I think), its impossible for normal user to change the thread name. Only moderator/admin can do it. So its better to give a generic name.

    :)
     
  17. abbodi1406

    abbodi1406 MDL KB0000001

    Feb 19, 2011
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    Impressive progress

    God bless you :)
     
  18. Mr Jinje

    Mr Jinje MDL Expert

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    #58 Mr Jinje, Nov 5, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 20, 2017
    When I get chance, next version should offer choice image vs online, have a button to mount/dismount images and will modify mount path / packages folder on fly.



    Need to impersonate 'system' for certain packages apparently. Will use either PSRussinovich or devxexec to spawn the cscript process. Also add Radio buttons for debug, imageres and vicioushacks.
     
  19. Mr Jinje

    Mr Jinje MDL Expert

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    #59 Mr Jinje, Nov 5, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 20, 2017
    With similar named files, how do I tell the program to pick the correct one, for instance I show 8 mum's for SRT. Should it grab the one with the shortest name thinking it will be the highest in the hierarchy.

    WinPE-SRT-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~x86~~6.3.9600.16384.mum

    Code:
    WinPE-SRT-Package-shell~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~en-US~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    WinPE-SRT-Package-shell~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    WinPE-SRT-Package-TouchKeyboard~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~en-US~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    WinPE-SRT-Package-TouchKeyboard~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    WinPE-SRT-Package-windows~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~en-US~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    WinPE-SRT-Package-windows~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    WinPE-SRT-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~en-US~6.3.9600.16384.mum
    Does shortest name = master package ???
    WinPE-SRT-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~6.3.9600.16384.mum
     
     
  20. abbodi1406

    abbodi1406 MDL KB0000001

    Feb 19, 2011
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    #60 abbodi1406, Nov 5, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 20, 2017
    Little note:
    i tried devxexec with /user:system, but that doesn't allow me to execute sxsextract.vbs successfully
    i tried it with /user:TrustedInstaller, but it gives me error and doesn't start.

    so i prefer and i actually use (RunasSystem.exe + RunFromToken.exe):
    Code:
    net start trustedinstaller
    %windir%\system32\runassystem.exe "%windir%\system32\runfromtoken.exe trustedinstaller.exe 1 cmd"
    this gives me Full Unrestricted Access